Ancient Times to the First Emperor

It is significant that China has had over 5,000 years of history. China has one of the oldest civilizations in the world despite the large amount of information that is still relatively unknown. This guide is a brief historical overview of China over thousands of years.

Before the first dynasty of the Xia, in 2200 BC, primitive colonies lived on the coast of the Yangtze and Yellow River. It is a time in civilization during the Yangshao (5000 – 3000 BC) and the Longshan (3000–1700 BC) which were traced by archeologists using remains in the area.
China’s history traces back to Xia, which is where the first dynasty was. The following discusses important events in Chinese history.

Dynasty

Events

In Western History

Xia

  0-1700 before Christ

• First traces of the man in the loessial region of Shanxi

• mythical dynasty which would be at the origin of Chinese civilization 2,500 before Christ: Age of copper

The first Greek speaking tribes, The Mycenaean. Pyramids of Giza built.

Shang

1700 before Christ: Iron age

• at the beginning of bronze age in China

• Kingdom aimed by a semi-divine sovereign 1600 before Christ

Tutankhamun

became pharaoh 1100-1200

(exact date unknown)

Zhou

1100-220 before Christ

• feudal system founded on the upper class

• Period of the Springs and Autumns and from Combat Kingdoms

• Epoch of Laozi (father of the Taoism) then of Confucius

The date of the first Olympic games in Greece 776BC

Qin

221-207 before Christ

Chinese territory: 3,55 million km², 25 million inhabitants

  • Unification of China (writing, currency, units of measure, privatization of lands) under the First Emperor, Qin Shi Huangdi

End of the classical ancient Greek period. Death of Alexander the Great.

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