Minorities of China

China is a large country where 56 ethnic groups live. The ethnic Han make up 91.8% of the population of 1.26 billion, and the other 55 ethnic minorities that make up about 8% of this population. 51% of the population is in the city with few minorities that have kept their ancestral traditions and live in the countryside. Each of these ethnic groups have their culture and traditions, that have a common base. They are mainly found in the mountainous regions of Southwest China and are more rugged in the North.

The ethnic Han is the majority ethnic group in China, and are the largest ethnic group in the world. Also with the name of Huaxia in history, they are nicknamed the major ethnic group in beautiful costumes. The ethnic Han is divided into eight dialects and regional variations.
Here is a list of ethnic groups recognized by the Chinese government that are classified according to the number of the population. The Han have the most people in their cultural group at 1.23 billion people compared to the Zhuang whom are second place at only 16 million people. 

Ethnicities in China

 

 

Han

汉族

Hàn Zú

Zhuang

壮族

Zhuàng Zú

Mandchou

满族

Mǎn Zú

Hui

回族

Huí Zú

Miao

苗族

Miáo Zú

Ouïgour

维吾尔族

Wéiwúěr Zú

Tujia

土家族

Tǔjiā Zú

Yi

彝族

Yí Zú

Mongol

蒙古族

Měnggǔ Zú

Tibetan

藏族

Zàng Zú

Buyei

布依族

Bùyī Zú

Dong

侗族

Dòng Zú

Yao

瑤族

Yáo Zú

Coréen

朝鲜族

Cháoxiǎn Zú

Bai

白族

Bái Zú

Hani

哈尼族

Hāní Zú

Kazakh

哈萨克族

Hāsàkè Zú

Li

黎族

Lí Zú

Dai

傣族

Dǎi Zú

She

畲族

Shē Zú

Lisu

傈僳族

Lìsù Zú

Gelao

仡佬族

Gēlǎo Zú

Dongxiang

东乡族

Dōngxiāng Zú

Gaoshan

高山族

Gāoshān Zú

Lahu

拉祜族

Lāhù Zú

Sui

水族

Shuǐ Zú

Va

佤族

Wǎ Zú

Naxi

纳西族

Nàxī Zú

Qiang

羌族

Qiāng Zú

Tu

土族

Tǔ Zú

Mulao

仫佬族

Mùlǎo Zú

Xibe

锡伯族

Xíbó Zú

Kirghize

柯尔克孜族

Kēěrkèzī Zú

Daur

达斡尔族

Dáwòěr Zú

Jingpo

景颇族

Jǐngpō Zú

Maonan

毛南族

Màonán Zú

Salar

撒拉族

Sǎlá Zú

Blang

布朗族

Bùlǎng Zú

Tadjik

塔吉克族

Tǎjíkè Zú

Achang

阿昌族

Āchāng Zú

Pumi

普米族

Pǔmǐ Zú

Ewenki

鄂温克族

Èwēnkè Zú

Nu

怒族

Nù Zú

Gin

京族

Jīng Zú

Jino

基诺族

Jīnuò Zú

De'ang

德昂族

Déáng Zú

Bonan

保安族

Bǎoān Zú

Russe

俄罗斯族

Éluōsī Zú

Yugur

裕固族

Yùgù Zú

Ouzbek

乌孜别克族

Wūzībiékè Zú

Monba

门巴族

Ménbā Zú

Oroqen

鄂伦春族

Èlúnchūn Zú

Derung

独龙族

Dúlóng Zú

Tatar

塔塔尔族

Tǎtǎěr Zú

Hezhen

赫哲族

Hèzhé Zú

Lhoba

珞巴族

Luòbā Zú

Among the minorities, only the Hui and Manchu have lost the use of their language to prefer Chinese dialects. The other 53 minorities still use their own language and 21 of them have their own writing.
Ethnic minorities are not managed in the same way that the Han majority are. They have a positive discrimination allowing them to retain their language and culture. Not subject to the one-child policy, families can have multiple children.

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