Porcelain

Porcelain is the most famous and remarkable handcraft emerging in China. It's that craft that has earned the Middle Kingdom to take the name of "China." Indeed, when the first porcelain arrived in England, “China" was defined as this craft. The English then gave the name to the country which became "China."

Beginning of ceramic

It is difficult to date the first appearance of porcelain in China. The Chinese made ceramics, and over the centuries, they improved the technology to later create porcelain. Some say its earliest forms would have appeared some three thousand years, but most likely would have around the seventh century AD. Before that, recovered products are a mixture of ceramic and porcelain, as this was called celadon porcelain Zhejiang and Jiangsu or the white Henan and Hebei.
It was only after the discovery of kaolin and mastery of his cooking that the real porcelain was created. The glazed objects were created to be hard to resist corrosion and easily washed by hand. Finesse and beauty items were an instant success and fame in the country. Once the process discovered techniques continued to be improved they created an even more beautiful and durable porcelain.

Porcelain from the country

From the seventh century under the Tang dynasty, porcelains are known for their quality. Yueyao products were exquisite blue and white Chinese pieces of porcelain. They were then exported abroad and were a good business.
Under the Song Dynasty the second largest to develop the arts, state-owned and private kilns are emerging across the country. Jun porcelain, produced Junyao, then one of the most famous porcelain with blue Longquan. The first, of great rarity, was also reserved for the sole use of the court. Other porcelains made their appearance including, the Ru, Guan, Ge and Ding.
However, it is Jingdezhen porcelain known as splendor. Since the Yuan, this city was the capital of Jiangxi porcelain. Today, Jingdezhen porcelain is famous for its fine and variety of models. Indeed, it produces blue and white porcelain, the blue and white with patches of rice grains, the eggshell (almost transparent) and the polychrome.
Thus, each time porcelain evolved, a new refinement. Of great cultural value, is found in all forms: vases, dishes, bowls and pots but also boxes, statuettes.  All colors are used, although the blue is preferred often.
Similarly, the reasons vary as it can have floral patterns and animal characters through scenes of daily life and proverbs.

Jealousy of European 

Upon the arrival of porcelain in Europe, people were marked by its finesse and quality porcelain. Blue porcelain marked the spirits and artisans began desperately trying to figure out the manufacturing process. However, not knowing the kaolin, it took nearly 4 years to learn. Meanwhile, they created imitations, which had neither the hardness nor the quality of porcelain from China.
It is only by chance, in the early eighteenth century that  they found the process of hard porcelain, discovering a deposit of kaolin in Saxony. A few decades later, another deposit was discovered near Limoges. It is there that hard porcelain techniques continue to be improved and porcelain factories in Limoges appeared.
Today, porcelain produced in China is still popular. The older it is, the more expensive it is. Thus, it takes a hundreds of euros for small porcelain nineteenth century several thousand euros for vessels that are older.

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