Inner Mongolia Grasslands and nomads

Inner Mongolia Travel Guide of China

Things to do in Inner Mongolia

  • Gegentala

    Gegentala

  • Dazhao Temple

    Dazhao Temple

  • Meidaizhao Lamasery

    Meidaizhao Lamasery

  • Wudangzhao Monastery

    Wudangzhao Monastery

  • Kubuqi desert

    Kubuqi desert

  • Huitengxile

    Huitengxile

The top sites in Inner Mongolia >>

These nomadic people together for a long time in tribes invaded Chinese territory until they were integrated in the governance of the People's Republic of China as an autonomous province. Though the Mongols keep their culture like horseback riding and living in yurts, small changes have been made with the influence of the Chinese Han. The mixture of authenticity and modernity brings a new look to the region.

A tradition of invasions:

The history of the Mongols was long interwoven with the Chinese Han in ancient China. For a long time, these nomadic people lived in clans who vied for territory between them but occasionally sought to invade the Middle Kingdom. This was why the first emperor of China, Qin Shi Huangdi, began the construction of the great wall of China. He sought to protect his empire from the invasions of the North, including those of the Mongols.
However, the Mongol tribes united by Genghis Khan at the beginning of the 13th century succeeded in penetrating the Chinese frontier and gradually took possession of the territory.  He passed down the power to the grandson of Kublai Khan, who established the first Mongol dynasty in China, the Yuan dynasty. By occupying southern China and continuing the conquest of lands in the west, Kublai had the largest empire in the world at the time. However, as any empire comes to an end, the Yuan dynasty disintegrated itself and the Mongols returned to their steppes and formed rival tribes again. These small quarrels of neighborhoods finally ceased when the Manchu of Qing dynasty were founded in the 17th century. The Outer Mongolia, took advantage of the weakening of the Manchu with the end of their dynasty in 1911 to detach from China and establish its own country.
After suffering the ravages of war between China and its neighboring countries, Inner Mongolia was finally the first province to obtain status of an autonomous region in 1947.

The Mongols and their culture:

These nomadic people roam the steppes on back of horses and are increasingly influenced by Chinese culture and modernity. Today, the Chinese Han take up more than 15% of the province's population as they seek to move away from cities.
Hidden in the Mongolian steppes of more than 1,000 meters of average altitude, these people are used to living in traditional yurts. They also wear their traditional costumes, but the bikes seem to replace the horse to keep the herds. When modernity combines with tradition, what an image Inner Mongolia shows.
To fully enjoy the ancestral culture of the Mongols, it is best to take a tour here at the time of Naadam festival, where the Mongols from the far reaches of the steppes come to participate in wrestling, archery and horseback riding!

Things to do in Inner Monglia:

If you have the chance to visit Inner Mongolia at the time of the Naadam Festival (7th lunar month), do not miss the celebration. The best is to come out of the big cities for a more traditional and more authentic experience. Inner Mongolia is divided into two parts, including: the east consisting of vast steppes where horse riding in these great spaces inspire calm and serenity, and the west is over run by the desert that extends further away (that's the end of the Gobi desert). The Mongols were greatly influenced by Tibetan Buddhism, many temples and pagodas were built in the cities and mountains such as the Monastery of Wudangzhao.

Best time to visit Inner Mongolia:

Located at the northern end of the country, winter weather can be hard to bear as the icy winds from Siberia hit the steppes and deserts of the region. From April temperatures rise gradually. It is better to focus on the deserts of the west of the province in the spring and fall as temperatures can be very high in the summer. Steppes, usually located at an altitude of over 1,000 meters remain fresh and can alleviate the high temperature of cities during the summer.

  • Best time to visit

    Jun. Jul. Aug. Sep. Oct. 
  • Altitude

    1000M Altitude Inner Mongolia
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